Autor: Forum Transregionale Studien

Memory and the Repressed: The Possibility of Therapeutic Histories of the 1980s

By Idriss Jebari. In their hearts, historians are first storytellers who seek to offer intelligible narratives of the past. Ever since Hayden White’s Metahistory, the border between history and literature has become less meaningful. Yet, valid questions remain: can a passage from a novel be used with the same factual authority as, say, a newspaper clipping, a police report, or a population register? What about a personal diary or a set of exchanged letters?

Against Remembering: The Fictional Truth of a Massacre

By Samad Alavi. Carolyn Forché’s Against Forgetting: Twentieth Century Poetry of Witness anthologizes poems that testify to some of the last century’s darkest political tragedies. In her introduction, Forché establishes her basic criteria for selection. First, she includes only poems, as she wishes to demonstrate that the old “arguments about poetry and politics ha[ve] been too narrowly defined” and that it is possible to understand poems as residing between the personal and the political.

Ukrainian Comics and War in Ukraine

By Svitlana Pidoprygora. In the autumn of 2013, Euromaidan started in Ukraine as a response to the authorities’ decision to end European integration processes and focus on the Customs Union with the Russian Federation. Thousands of people went to protests in Kyiv and the central squares of other Ukrainian cities, demonstrating society’s support for the European vector of development and protesting against the arbitrariness of the authorities.

Turkish Literature as World Literature – Book Review

By Simla Dogangun. There has been a drastic change in the traditional conception of world literature in the last two decades: from a space that consists of canonical, high-cultural texts which have traditionally acted as arbiters of literary value, it has transformed into a capitalist-driven nebulous field in which literary works circulate in the same manner as goods do.

طاقةُ الدراساتِ الأدبيةِ العربية:(إعادة) تموضع حقل الدراساتِ الأدبيةِ العربية بين الفروع ’المنهجية‘ ودراسات المناطق في الأكاديميا الغربية

ربارة وينكلر (الدراسات العربية، جامعة مونستر، ألمانيا). إذا ما كان يُنظر إلى الإنسانيات عمومًا على أنّها أقلّ تهيّؤًا من العلوم الاجتماعية والطبيعية وعلوم الحياة لمواجهة تحدّيات راهنة أو إنتاج ’معرفة قابلة للاستخدام‘، فإنّ هذا يصحّ أكثر على الفروع التي تُعنى بالأعمال التخييلية والجماليات. ويميل الطلّاب في حقلنا – حقل الدراسات العربية أو الإسلامية أو الشرق أوسطية – إلى اختيار مواضيع متعلّقة بالإسلام السياسي أو الحركات الاجتماعية أو الشريعة الإسلامية، إذ يبدو أنّ هذه المواضيع توفّر فرصًا أفضل للعمل قياسًا بسواها. وكذلك يركّز الخطاب العامّ الأوسع على هذه الضروب من المواضيع بصورة أساسية.

The Potential of Arabic Literary Studies: (Re)Situating the Field Between ‘Systematic’ Disciplines and Area Studies in Western Academia

By Barbara Winckler (Arabic Studies, University of Münster, Germany). If the humanities in general are commonly perceived as less apt to address actual challenges or produce ‘utilizable knowledge’ than the social, natural and life sciences, this is even more so for disciplines dealing with fictional works and aesthetics.

Trauma and the 1980s in Arabic Literary Studies

What is a literary history of the present? There are many ways to imagine such a project and its debt to Foucauldian genealogy, from accounts of how literature writes history to how the notion of literature is a historical aspect of the present. This essay, part of the upcoming workshop, “The Literary 1980s in the MENA: Towards a History of the Present”, asks what trauma has come to name in Arabic literary studies since the 1980s.

The Use of Humor During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Taiwan

By Chunping Lin. The word “幽默 yōumò,” which means “humor” in Chinese, is originally from Jiǔzhāng 九章 of the Chu Lyrics 楚辭 Chǔcí (475 B.C.–221 B.C.) and was used to describe the tranquility of nature. Lin Yutang林語堂 (linguist, philosopher, and translator, 1895–1976) translated the English word “humor” with the word “幽默 yōumò”.

Chomsky Is No Friend of the Syrian Revolution

Just three weeks following my release after 16 years in prison in Syria, I started translating a book into Arabic. The book was “Powers and Prospects: Reflections on Human Nature and the Social Order,” by Noam Chomsky. It had taken me some time to realize that the leading linguist and the harsh critic of American imperialism was the same person.

Envisioning Work: The Visual Cultures of Labor – Call for Contributions

By Hala Auji and Nurçin İleri. Capitalism’s far-reaching social, industrial, and cultural implications on the socio-political aspects of production, labor, and class struggle are well-documented. Scholarship on labor has emphasized the social and economic aspects of the capitalist economy and the history of working classes in a global context.

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